A student's grammar of the English language
Sidney Greenbaum, Randolph Quirk

Dnes vráceno
Knihy
1st pub.
Harlow : Longman, 1990;
v, 490 s. ; 24 cm
Ostatní autoři: Quirk, Randolph,
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Contents
Preface
1	The English language
2	A general framework
3	Verbs and auxiliaries
4	The semantics of the verb phrase
5	Nouns and determiners
6	Pronouns
7	Adjectives and adverbs
8	The semantics and grammar of adverbials
9	Prepositions and prepositional phrases Í0 The simple sentence
11	Sentence types and discourse functions
12	Pro-forms and ellipsis
13	Coordination
14	The complex sentence
15	Syntactic and semantic functions of subordinate clauses
16	Complementation of verbs and adjectives
17	The noun phrase
18	Theme, focus, and information processing
19	From sentence to text Bibliography
Index
v
1
11
24
47
70
108
129
158
188
204
231
247
262
283
304
336
363
394
434
476
485
Index
References are to section numbers and section notes (‘n’).
Cross-reference is indicated by an arrow.
A-?adverbial a-?article (indefinite) a-words 7.3 absolute clause 15.34 absolute comparison 7.39 abstract adjectival head 7.13 abstract noun 5.1, 21; 17.23 accent (prosodic)-?stress accent (regional) 1.12 acceptability 1.16 accidence -? inflection accusative-?case active/passive 3.25/; 18.22 address-?vocative
adjective 2.6;7.1-26, 32, 38-45; 16.38-41; 17.29 adjunct 8.13-31; 10.6; 16.13, 26; see also adverbial
adverb 2.6; 1.2/, 20, 27, 31^0, 44/; 8.10 and other word classes 7.2/ 28-30 particle 16.2-4, 7, 9 phrase 2.4; 8.10, 33
adverbial 2.3; 8 passim-, 10.1-4, 6/; 15.13-35; 19.22-25
affected role 10.9/ agent
adverbial 8.28 animate/inanimate 9.13 agentive role 3.25/; 9.13; 10.9; 18.35 agreement -?concord all 5.8; 6.24
AmE-^American English American English 1.10 amplifier 7.18; 8.37 article (indefinite) analysis, multiple 10.7n; 16.5 anaphora 5.14; 6.8/ 19; 12.2, 18; 19.16, 19 apposition; concord; coordination animals-?gender animate-?agent, gender antecedent 12.3; see also anaphora, cataphora anticipatory subject-?// antithetic conjunct 8.44 any 5.6; 6.25-27; 10.37 apostrophe-^contraction; genitive
appended-?clause; coordination apposition 10.22; 17.27 article
definite 5.11-14,28/ indefinite 5.15/ zero 5.17-21
as 9.3n; 15.29/ 36/; 17.10; 19.21
aspect 4.7-12; 17.14; 19.11-14
assertive and nonassertive forms 2.11; 6.25-28;
10.37
asyndetic coordination 13.1; 19.2,26 attachment rule 15.34 attitude-?varieties of English altitudinal dis junct-?content disjunct altitudinal past 4.6, 9 attraction-?concord attribute 10.9; 16.12, 25 attributive-?adjective aux-> auxiliary
auxiliary 3.11-18; 4/?ass/m; 10.41; 14.21
backshifting 14.18
backward span-?duration
bare existential 18.32n
bare infinitive-nnfinitive
basis-+comparison
be 3.13; 18.18-20, 30-33
being, verbs of 4.11
benefacti ve-?object (indirect)
binomials 13.26n
block language 11.22
bodily sensation, verbs of 4.11
both 5.8; 6.24
BrE-> British English
British English 1.10
but 9.15; 15.25; see a/so coordination
C-?complement calling-?vocative can 3.1 If, 16; 4.22; 10.41 Canadian English 1.10 cardinal numerals 6.28n careful-?formal Caribbean English 1.11 case 5.48-55; 6.6/
cataphora 5.14; 6.8/ 19; 12.2, 18; 19.16/ catenative 3.18n causative 10.1 On; 16.27-29
486 Index
cause 8.6; 15.26 cause and purpose 9.12 causer, external 10.10 central-?pronoun circumstance 15.26 citation 17.26n clause 2.4; 10.1-4; 14.1/ appended 12.23 coordinate 13.18 elements 2.3; 8.1, 13; 10.5-18 elliptical 12.20-23
finite 14.3; 16.17-22, 33-35, 39; 17.5-13 nonfinite 14.3-5; 15.34/; 16.23, 27-30, 36/, 40/; 17.14-18 subordinate 14.1/ verbless 14.3, 6; 15.12, 34/ cleft sentence 18.18/ pseudo- 18.20 closed class 2.6 closed condition-condition code-?operator cognate object 10.15
cognition, verbs of 4.11; 10.11; 14,18n; 16.18 coherence/cohesion 19.2 collective noun 5.43-45; 10.21 colloquial -?informal colour adjectives 7.26; 13.26; 17.41 combinatory coordination 13.22,25 command -?directi ve comment 18.5n comment clause 15.32 common case-case common gender->gender communication, verbs of 4.4; 8.41 communicative dynamism 18.2 comp-element-?comparative clauses comparative clauses 15.36-42; 17.10 comparison clauses 15.29; 19.21 comparison of adjective and adverbs 7.39-44 compatibility 19.24 complement 2.3; 10.5, 10; 16.12,25 prepositional 9.1
complementation of adjectives 16.38-41 complementation of verbs 16.2-37 complex transitive 16.24-30, 37 concession 8.6, 30, 44; 9.15; 15.21 concord 5.45; 10.19-28 concrete noun 5.1 condition 8.6,41; 15.17-20 conditional-concessive clause 15.22/ conducive question 11.4-7,12/ conjoin(t)-?coordination conjunct 8.43-45; 19.24/ conjunction 2.6; 13.1-16; 14.7-9 content disjunct 8.42
context 19.1/
contingency 7.15; 8.6; 15.15n
continuous-?aspect
contraction 3.1 In, 13-16
contrast 8.44; 15.24; 19.24/
coordination 13.1-10; 19.26-29
coordinator-+conjunction
copula 10.3; 16.12/
coreference 12.3; 19.15
correlative 8.45; 13.14/; 14.8; 15.29n, 30,42
could 3.11/, 16; 4.22, 30-32, 34; 10.41; 14.21
countability 5.1/ 17, 21, 35-44
courtesy subjunct 8.34
current attribute 10.9; 16.12, 25
dangling participle 15.34
dare 3.17
dative-?case
declarative sentence 11.1
deferred preposition 9.2; 11.9; 17.8
defining-?restrictive/nonrestrictive meaning
definite-?article
degree 8.9
deictic 6.20
deletion-?ellipsis
demonstrative 5.4; 6.19/; 19.15/, 18 denial 10.39n
denominai adjective 7.21, 26; 17.40/
deontic 4.2In
dependent -?clause
descriptive genitive-?case
destination-?goal
determiner 5.3-34; 19.15, 18
deverbal noun 17.23
dialect 1.7
dialogue 19.3 If
dimension 9.4
direct object-?object
direct speech 14.17-22
direction 8.16-18; 9.5
directive 11.1, 15-19; 19.36
discontinuous construction 7.8n, 9;	17.42/;
18.27/
discourse 8.43/; 11 passim; 19 passim disjunct 8.40-42; 18.3; 19.22-25 distance 8.16-18 ditransitive 10.3; 16.31-37 do 3.15; fl.19; 12.6-8, 12f; 18.36 double genitive 5.55 double negative 10.37n, 41n downtoner 7.18; 8.37 dual gender 5.45/ dual number 5.35n; 6.21 dummy operator 3.11 duration 4.10-12; 8.3, 21/ 9.10f
Index 487
dynamic 2.8; 4.2, 11; 7.23 dynamism, communicative 18.2
E (position) 8.11 each 5.5; 6.22-4, 27/ echo question 11.14
-ed participle 3.2/ 9, 20; 14.4; 15.34/; 16.30;
17.15, 32/ effect
cause effected object 10.15 either 5.5; 6.25-27; 13.14 element 2.3; 8.1, 13; 10.1, 4-7 ellipsis 12.14-23; 19.5, 15-17 emotive adjective 14.14; 16.39/ emphasis 18.6-13 emotive 18.36? emphasizer 7.18; 8.36 enclitic 10.33 end-focus 18.5/ end position 8.11 end-weight 18.5n enumerative conjunct 8.44 epistemic 4.2In eventive role 10.13, 16 every 5.5; 6.22/, 25 exception 9.15; 15.25 exclamation 7.16; 11.1, 12,20; 15.6 exclusive we 6.10; 19.20 existential 18.30-36 experiencer 10.11 explicitness 17.5 extraposition 18.23/ extrinsic 4.21
familiar-Mnformal
few 5.10; 6.26/
final position 8.11; 18.2-5
finite 3.3, 19; see also clause
focus 18.5-12
focusing subjunct 8.38/
for 13.3; see also conjunction, preposition
formulaic subjunctive 3.24; 11.21
fractions 6.28n
frequency 8.23/
fronting 18.14/
function words 2.6
future 4.13-20
gapping 13.29 gender 5.45-47; 6.4 generic 5.22-24
genitive 5.48-55; 6.6, 16; 17.26, 34 gerund 15.1 On; 17.23n get 3.25n; 10.2 given/new 18.4
goal 8.2, 17/; 9.4/ gradability 7.1 gradience 10.7n; 13.3 grammar 1.2-5 grammatical-? acceptable grammatical words 2.6 group genitive->genitive
habitual 4.3 have 3.14; 18.36 Hiberno-English 1.11 historic present 4.4; 19.14 humangender hypercorrect 1.5 hypernym 19.2
hypothetical meaning 3.24; 4.31; 14.12/; 16.20, 23
/(position) 8.11
imperative 3.3; 11.1; 15-19
inanimategender
inclusive w 6.10; 19.20
indefinite-particle; pronoun
independent -?clause
indicative 3.19
indirect object-^object
indirect speech 14.17-22
inferential conjunct 8.44
infinitive 3.3, 20/; 8.1 In; 14.4/; 15.9, 11,34,41/;
16.23, 27/; 36/; 17.16-18 inflection 3.2, 4-9; 5.48; 6.2/ 6/; 7.1, 39-44 informal 1.15
information processing 18 passim; 19.40-42 ~ing participle 3.3/20; 14.4; 15.34/; 16.23,29,41;
17.14, 30/ inherent-?adjective initial position 8.11 initiator 7.29
instrumental 8.4, 28; 9.13; 10.10 intellectual state-?cognition intensification 7.18,	32-35;	8.37; see also
emphasis intention 4.27 interjection 11.22n
interrogative 11.1; w also pronoun; question intonation 2.15; 18.3-14; 19.30-32 intransitive 10.3; 16.11 intrinsic 4.21
inversion 3.11; 11.3; 10; 18.14-17 Irish English 1.11 irregular comparison 7.41, 44 irregular plurals 5.37-42 irregular verbs 3.2, 9/ it 6.9; 10.14; 18.18,23/; 19.17 item subjunct 8.35
488 Index
Lallans Scots 1.11 language names 5.33/; 7.12 let (’s) 11.17/ lexical connection 19.2 like 15.29
limiting-*restrictive/nonrestrictive meaning
linking verb->copula
listing conjunct 8.44
little 5.10; 6.26/
locative 9.4-7; 10.13, 15
?/(position) 8.11 main-»clause
mandative subjunctive 3.24
manner 8.4, 27;9.14n; 15.29
marked/unmarked 2.7; 7.45; 10.19n
mass-»countability
matrix-»clause
may 3.11/ 16; 4.23, 34; 10.41
means 8.4, 28; 9.13
measure 6.26/; 7.45; 8.16, 21/; 9.10/’; 10.7n
medial position 8.11
medium 1.14
mental state-»cognition
metalinguistic comment 8.41
middle verb 10.7n
might 3.11/, 16; 4.23, 29, 31/ 34; 10.41; 14.21 modal-»auxiliary modality 4.21; 8.7, 36
modification 6.11; 7.7-9, 17-21, 26, 32-36; 9.16; 17 passim
momentary verbs 4.11, 35 monotransitive 10.3; 16.14-23 motion 9.7
multiple analysis 10.7n; 16.5
multiple modification 17.25/ 36-43
multiplier 5.9
multi-word verb 16.2-10
must 3.11/ 16; 4.24/ 26, 29, 34; 10.41; 14.21
names 5.25-34
narrow orientation subjunct 8.35-39 necessity 4.21, 24/ 34 ??/3.17; 4.25
negation 2.10; 10.33-41; 11.5, 18; 14.23
neither 5.5; 6.25-27; 13.14/
new/given 18.4
New Zealand English 1.11
nominal expression 12.5; 13.25n; see also noun
nominal clause 15.2-12
nominal relative clause 15.7/
nominalization 17.23
nominative -»case
nonassertive -» assertive
noncount-»countability
nonfinite 3.3, 19/; 4.35; w ?/? clause nonrestricti ve -? restrictive nonstandard 1.8 ???-»concord; coordination ??/-» negation noun 2.6; 5.1, 25-55 clause-»nominal clause phrase 17 passim., see also nominal expression ^'/-?negation nucleus 2.15
number 3.3, 13; 5.35-44; 6.5; 10.19-26, 28 numeral 6.28n
?-»object
object 2.3; 10.3, 5, 7, 9, 15-17; 16.14-20, 22-37 objective-» case obligation 4.21, 24-26, 34 obligatory element 8.13; 10.1,3-7 of and the genitive-»genitive omission-»ellipsis one 6.12, 22/ 28; 12.5 onset 2.15 open class 2.6 open condition-»condition operator 2.10; 3.11 opinion, verbs expressing 14.23 optative 3.24; 11.21 or-»apposition; concord; coordination order-»extraposition; fronting; inversion; position
ordinal numerals 6.28n
ought 3.17; 4.26, 29, 34; 10.41; 14.21
pairs and triads 13.27n; 19.28
paragraph 19.33
parenthetic 15.32
part of speech-»word class
participant relations 19.38/
participant roles 10.8-18
participial adjective 7.5-6; 17.30-33
participle-»-cí/; -ing
particle 16.2
partitive 5.2; 6.25-28
passage 9.7
passive 3.25/; 18.22
past-»tense
patient-»affected
pendant participle 15.34
perception, verbs of 4.11; 16.28/
perfect-»aspect
performative verbs 4.3
permanent vs temporary 17.4
permission 4.21-23, 29, 32, 34
person 3.3, 13; 6.3; see also concord; gender
personal pronoun-»pronoun
Index 489
phrasal prepositional verb 16.2,9 phrasal verb 16.2-4, 7, 16 phrase 2.4 pitch 2.15
place 7.36; 8.16-18; 9.5/; 15.16; 19.3-6; see also space
place names 5.32-34 pluperfect 4.9 plural-?number polysyndetic coordination 13.1 position, meaning 7.36/; 8.16; 9.5/' position of adjectives 7.7-9, 17-22 in sequence 7.26; 17.40/ position of modifying adverbs 7.32-36 position of adverbials 8.11 in sequence 8.18, 26, 31 positioner subject 10.12 possessi ve-?pronoun; genitive possibility 4.21-23, 29/, 32, 34 postdeterminer 5.10 postmodification-?modification postponement 18.21-28 predeterminer 5.7-9 predicate 2.2; 12.7/ 12, 20; 13.19/ predication 2.10; 8.14; 12.7/, 12, 20; 13.19/; 18.15, 20
prediction 4.21, 27-30, 34 preference 15.31 premodification-?modification preposition 2.6; 9 passim prepositional phrase 8.10; 9 passim prepositional verb 16.2, 5-8, 16, 32, 34 prescriptivism 1.5 present-?tense primary verb 3.1, 13-15 principal parts of verb 3.9/ private and public verbs 16.18 process adverbials 8.4, 27/ process verbs 4.11
pro-forms 2.9, 6 passim, 12.1-13; 19.5, 15, 20 progressive-?aspect pronoun 2.6; 6 passim', 19.15, 20 central 6.2 indefinite 6.21-28 interrogative 6.18 possessive 6.16 reflexive 6.13-15 relative 6.17; 17.5-9 see also demonstrative; determiner prop-*//
proper nouns 5.1,25-34 proportional clause 15.30 prosody 2.12-15; 18.3-13; 19.30 3,. 4! provenance adjectives 7.24 proximity-?concord
pseudo-cleft 18.20 pseudo-coordination 13.31 public and private verbs 16.18 punctual verbs 4.11 punctuation 19.30, 33f purpose 8.6, 30; 9.12; 15.27 putative meaning 15.27f putative sAom/c/ 14.14
quality/quantity 5.2; 6.25-28 quasi-coordination 13.32 question 2.10; 11.1-14; 14.20; 15.4/; 16.22; 19.35-37
reaction signal 7.29; 8.34n, 36n; 19.23, 28 reason 8.6, 30; 9.12; 15.26 Received Pronunciation 1.12 recipient role 9.12; 10.9, 11 reciprocal pronoun use 6.28n recoverability 12.2, 16-18; 14.5/; 15.34/; 17.1416; 19.5, 15/21 reflexive-?pronoun regional English 1.7 reinforcement 18.38 relative clause 17.1-17 relative pronoun 6.17; 17.5-9 repetition 13.31; 18.38 replacive conjunct 8.44 reported speech 14.17-22 reporting clause 14.17 respect 8.5, 29; 9.15 restrictive item 7.19; 8.7, 38/ restrictive/nonrestrictive meaning 7.17n; 17.3, 5-13
result 8.6; 16.28 resultant role 10.15 resulting attribute 10.9; 16.12 retrospective verbs 16.23 rheme 18.5n
rhetorical conditional clause 15.20
rhetorical question 11.13; 19.37
rhythm 2.14
root modality 4.2In
rules of grammar 1.3-5
S-> subject
scope-?negation
Scots English 1.11
segregatory coordination 13.22-25
semi-auxiliary 3.18
sentence 2.2; see also clause
sentential relative clause 15.33; 17.12
sequence-?position
shall 3.11/, 16; 4.28-30, 34; 10.41
should 3.11/, 16; 4.26, 29/ 33/; 10.41; 14.14, 21
490 Index
similarity clause 15.29 singular-Hiumber social variation 1.8
50 7.28, 39; 8.44; 12.7-13; 13.7, 25n; 15.27/, 30, 37n, 42; 19.19, 27 some 5.6, 6.25-27; 10.37 source 8.2, 16/; 9.4f South African English 1.11 space 8.2, 16-18; 9.4-7; 10.6, 15; 5cc 0/50 place span-»duration specific reference 5.11-21 split infinitive 8.1 ln stance verbs 4.11 Standard English 1.8-12 statai passive 3.25n state-»aspect; tense Stative 2.8; 4.2, 11; 7.23 stimulus preposition 9.13 stranding-»deferred stress 2.13
structural compensation 18.29 structure words 2.6 style disjunct 8.40/ suasive verbs 16.19 subject 2.3; 10.7, 9-14 subjective-»case subjunct 8.32-39 subjunctive 3.23/ 14.13 subordination 14.1-10; 19.26-29 subordinator-»conjunction substitution-»pro-form such 5.7n; 15.42; 17.10 summative conjunct 8.44 superlative 7.39-44 superordinate 14.1 supplementive clause 15.35 syndetic coordination 13.1
tag 11.6; 18.38 temporal-?time /
temporary vs permanent 17.4 tense 4.1, 3-6, 13-20, 29-30; 19.11-14; see also time text 19.1
/Ac-»article (definite) theme 18.5
time 7.36/ 8.3, 19-26, 35; 9.9-11; 10.13; 15.14/ 16.13; 19.7-14; see also tense tone unit 2.15; 18.3 topic/comment 18.5n transferred negation 14.23 transition verbs 4.11 transitional conjuncts 8.44 transitive 10.3; 16.14—37 triads 19.28
unattached participle 15.34 uncountable-+countability universal-»pronoun (indefinite) unmarked-»marked unreal -»condition used to 3.17
V-»verb
varieties of English 1.6-15 verb 2.6; 3.1-3, 9/ 19-22; 10.2/ verbless-»clause viewpoint subjunct 8.33 vocative 10.31/ 18.3; 19.39 voice 3.25/ 18.22 volition 4.21, 27-29, 32, 34
wc 6.10; 19.20
wide orientation subjunct 8.33/
will 3.11/, 16; 4.14, 18, 21, 27, 2% 32, 34; 10.41
word classes 2.6
would 3.11/, 16; 4.21,27, 29-34; 10.41; 14.21 zero-»article; nominal clause; relative clause
				
Detail
Název pole Obsah pole
Údaje o názvu A student's grammar of the English language /
Hlavní záhlaví - osobní jméno Greenbaum, Sidney, 1929-1996
Vedlejší záhlaví - osobní jméno Quirk, Randolph, 1920-
Kód předmětové kategorie 811.111 Angličtina
Vedlejší věcné záhlaví - věcné téma angličtina
Vedlejší věcné záhlaví - věcné téma mluvnice
Vedlejší věcné záhlaví - věcné téma studium a výuka
Vedlejší věcné záhlaví - věcné téma studium jazyků
Vedlejší věcné záhlaví - věcné téma jazyková výuka
Rejstříkový termín - žánr/forma učebnice
Údaje o vydání 1st pub.
Nakladatelské údaje Harlow : Longman, 1990
Mezinárodní standardní číslo knihy 0-582-05971-2 (brož.) 978-0-582-05971-9
Mezinárodní standardní číslo knihy 0-582-07569-6 (cased) 978-0-582-07569-6
Fyzický popis v, 490 s. ; 24 cm
Všeobecná poznámka Dotisk 2012
Poznámka o skryté bibliografii atd. Obsahuje bibliografii a rejstřík
MARC
Pole Ind Obsah pole
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